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2020中考英语55组音近,形更近单词汇总,必须掌握

发布时间:2020-03-26 15:34:10 编辑:小狐 来源:sohu

在做英语题目的过程中,总有一些长得很像的词扰乱我们的思路,我们这次整理了初中常见的易混词,把不会的记到自己的单词小本本上吧!

1. abroad到国外 go abroad

board 板 on board

2. across介词,表面穿过 walk across the road

cross动词 cross the road

through介词,空间穿过 go through the window

past介词,经过 walk past the post office

pass动词 pass the test

3. alive活着的 I am still alive.

live现场直播 is covered live

居住 live in the city

lively活泼的 make his class lively and interesting

livingmake a living/ a living room

4. lonely孤独 feel lonely

孤零零 a lonely house

alone独自 live alone

along沿着 walk along the street

5. asleep睡着的 fall asleep

sleepy困倦的feel sleepy

6. fall落下,倒 fall down

fell:fall的过去式 (fall—fell---fallen)

feel觉得 feel sleepy/tired---过去式felt

7. badly — worse

Jim acted badly, but Tom did worse.

well—better

He plays football well and his father does better.

8. bor ing, interesting, exciting, tiring…修饰物 an interesting story

bor ed, interested, excited, tired…修饰人 feel bored

9. borrow借进(以句子主语为参照物)

May I borrow your pen?

lend借出(以句子主语为参照物)

Could you lend me some money?

keep借一段时间

How long can I keep the magazine?

10. both两者都 Both of his parents are workers.

all三者以上都 All of my classmates are from China.

neither两者都不 Neither of my hands is clean.

none没有一个(三者及以上)None of the four apples is/are red.

nothing什么都没有 Theres nothing in the fridge.

11. care:take care of

careful形,仔细的be careful with fire

carefully副,仔细地 listen carefully

careless形,粗心的 a careless student

carelessly副,粗心地drive carelessly

carelessness名,粗心 Your carelessness led to the mistake.

12. take带走(以说话者为中心)remember to take a raincoat

bring带来(以说话者为中心)bring your book here

carry拿,无方向 Could you help me carry the books?

13. close动词,关闭close the door

形,亲密的 my closest friend

closed形,关着的 keep the door closed

14. closely副,密切地 work closely with us

15. brave形,勇敢的

He is brave enough to save the old man.

courage名,勇气

have the courage to tell him the bad news

bravely副,勇敢地

face the difficulties bravely

16. dead形,死的 have been dead

die动,死亡 die of hunger

death名,死亡 the death of his pet makes him so sad.

17. especially副,尤其 He is good at all subjects, especially maths.

specially副,专门 The pen is specially designed for the boy.

special形,特殊的 a special day

18. except除了

All the students except Tom will go for a school trip.

expect期待

You are expected to bring it back when you return.

19. excited形,激动的,修饰人feel excited

exciting形,激动人心的,修饰物 an exciting film

excitedly副,修饰人 shouted excitedly

excitement名shout with excitement

20. a little一些,修饰不可数名词 a little money

a few一些,修饰可数名词 a few trees

little几乎没有,修饰不可数名词 Theres little water in the glass, is it?

few几乎没有,修饰可数名词 so few students

21. form形成 form a good reading habit

from从…

22. France/ French 法语

German德国的/ Germany 德国

23. hard努力 work hard

hardly几乎不 The boy hardly does his homework.

24. healthy健康的 keep healthy

health健康 its good for your health

healthily健康地 eat healthily

25. if如果 主将从现 If he comes, Ill call you.

是否 I dont know if he will come here.

whether是否 (如与or连用,则用)

I wonder whether hell come or not.

weather天气

What will the weather be like tomorrow?

26. include动词 包括

The list includes the names of many famous writers.

including介词

They have many pets, including three cats.

27. invent动词 发明 Edison invented a lot of things.

invention名词 发明 The invention made much difference to humans.

inventor名词 发明者 Edison was a great inventor.

28. last上一个的 last year。

最后的 make her last apperance

动词,持续 The meeting will last one and a half hours.

lasting形,持久的 a lasting value

29. lie名词,谎言 tell a lie

动词,说谎 He is always lying to us.

动词,位于Japan lies to the east of China.

动词,躺,平放 He likes lying on the grass.

躺,平放;位于:lie—lay---lain

说谎:lie-lied-lied

30. luck名,运气 good luck

lucky形,幸运的a lucky number

luckily 副,幸运的是 Luckily, we got better marks.

unlucky/unluckily

31. noise名,噪音 Dont make any noise.

noisy形,吵闹的 much too noisy

noisily副,吵闹地 talk noisily

32. noise噪音

sound声音We sat listening to the sound of the waves

听起来 The music sounds beautiful.

voice嗓音 The singer has a sweet voice.

provide a chance for the boy=provide the boy with a chance

offer :offer a chance to the boy=offer the boy a chance

34. other别的 ,加名词 other students

another另一个 I dont like the pair of shoes, would you like to show me another pair?

the other两个中的另一个,常用one…the other Here is a shoe, wheres the other one?

others= other+名词

35. over/ under年龄的上下

above/ below温度,楼层的上下

36. peace名词,和平 love peace

peaceful形,宁静的 a peaceful village

peacefully副,和平地

we hope to solve the problem peacefully.

37. pleasure名,乐意。对方请求帮助—With pleasure. 帮助后对方感谢—My pleasure./ Its my pleasure.

pleasant形, 修饰物 a pleasant trip

pleased形,修饰人 I am pleased with the robot.

38. pollute动,污染 The water will be polluted if you do that.

polluted形,被污染的 Our planet is becoming more and more polluted and crowded.

pollution名,污染 noise pollution

39. quiet安静的 keep quiet

quite相当 quite quiet

40. receive收到

accept接受

I received a valuable gift but I didnt accept it because of its value.

41. realize实现,主语为人

I am sure you will realize your dream.

come true实现,主语为物

I hope your dream will come true.

42. raise升起,及物动词,后面必须跟宾语 raise your hand/ raise the national flag( raise—raised—raised)

rise不及物动词,后面不可以跟宾语 the sun rises, the price rises, the water level rises( rise—rose---risen)

43. sad形,悲伤的 too sad to say a word

sadness名 ,悲伤 share your joy and sadness

sadly副,遗憾的是 Sadly, few people were saved.

44. safe形,安全的 a safe place

safety名,安全 Safety comes first.

safely副,安全地 The plane landed safely.

save动,挽救 save money, save his life

45. satisfied形,满意的

I am not satisfied with the machine at all.

satisfy动,满足 satisfy your need

46. search搜索(范围)

search for(目标)The police are searching the city for the murderer.

47. serve动,服务 serve the old couple politely

service名 I will never forget its good service./ be in service

48. smile名,微笑 wear a big smile on her face

动 smile at me kindly

smiling形,微笑的

Her smiling eyes make her loved by all the people.

49. succeed动,成功

At last, he succeeded in winning the first prize.

success名,成功

It turned out that her speech was a big success.

successful形,成功的

I’m sure that you’ll be successful.

successfully副,成功地

At last, he won the first prize successfully.

50. take花费(时间)主语是物

How long does it take you to fly to Chengdu?

spend花费时间或金钱,主语为人

He spent 10,000 yuan on the bike.

cost花费金钱,主语为物

The flat cost me 1,000,000 yuan.

pay花费金钱,主语为人

They pay 100 yuan for the shoes.

51. though虽然I take my medicine, though I do not like it.

thought想的过去式 Ive thought about it for some time.

想法 Her thought isnt the same as mine.

through(从空间)通过the light shines through the sharp teeth

52. wide形,宽的 The river is 300 metres wide.

副,充分地 open his eyes wide

widely副,广泛地 English is widely used all over the world.

53. hope希望hope to do;实现的可能性大;不可用hope sb. to do, 可改用hope 从句结构 I hope to go to college.

My father hopes that I can go to college.

wish希望,可用wish sb. to do;实现的可能性不大,所以从句用虚拟语气I wish I could get rid of the habit of smoking.

54. worry名, 担忧 share your worries with me

动,担忧 Dont worry about your exams.

worried形,担心的 I am so worried about his health that I cant sleep well.

55. have sb. do sth.让某人做某事,类似于make sb. do:

Will you like to have him call you back ?

have sth done请人做

Her father had the book punished.

have sth to do有…要做

I have too much homework to do today.

have done sth做了某事

I have finished all my homework now.

本文相关词条概念解析:

修饰

修饰,拼音为xīushì,英文为decorate修改润饰,使文字生动。

动词

动词(Verb),就是用来表示动作或状态的词汇。基本上每个完整的句子都有一个动词,要表示第二个动作时可使用不定词、动名词、对等连接词、从属连接词或增加子句等方法连结。突跃,突击,突袭等描述动作过程均属动词。中文语法中表示人或事物的动作或一种动态变化。一般出现在名词主语或主句后面。

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